The head of the agrarian committee of the Ukrainian Business and Trade Association (UBTA) Mykhailo Malkov proposed implementing 5 important initiatives of an ecological nature to ensure food security.
After all, the adoption of agriculture as an industry has economic, social and environmental dimensions, reports Economic truth.
In order to restore the country and receive compensation and reparations in courts, Ukraine needs a comprehensive assessment of the damage caused, which affects the provision of food security, has economic consequences at the macro level, and threatens global eco-security for many years.
"The environmental situation in those cities where hostilities are actively taking place is extremely dire," Malkov noted.
The recommendations will help to more effectively solve the environmental problems that Ukraine has to deal with during the reconstruction of the state after the victory.
Creation of an electronic platform for collecting information on damage caused to the agricultural sector "Ecological Layer"
The platform will make it possible to estimate the cost and state of damage, as well as provide an opportunity, in relation to the place of destruction, to obtain information about damage to the environment.
Malkov explained that the work of the Operational Headquarters, the Agricultural Center of the Kyiv School of Economics, and the Ministry of Environment portal "Ecological Safety" provide a sectoral approach. And the creation of a publicly accessible "Ecological layer", where all the destruction suffered by Ukraine will be recorded, will allow to give a general vision of the situation.
Provide a sufficient number of disinfectants to prevent threats to public health
As a result of the full-scale invasion in Ukraine, 15% of livestock was destroyed. Almost all branches of agriculture, along with the processing industry, were under attack.
This applies not only to the economic, but also to the environmental problem. After all, dead animals must be buried (disposed of) in accordance with all rules and procedures. In Ukraine, before the war, there was a problem with crematoria for animals, and there was a need for a systematic organization of their disposal.
Thus, in the Kherson region, production stopped at one of the largest poultry farms in Europe, Chornobayivska, of the Ukrland Farming Group, due to a blockade and a complete blackout. More than 4 million adult chickens and about 700,000 young chickens died without being able to dispose of them.
"A large number of mobile crematoria and special disinfectants are needed. Unfortunately, they are not produced in Ukraine. That is why we need to turn to certain humanitarian organizations to ensure sufficient reserves of these disinfectants and these actions will help prevent an ecological catastrophe," Malkov said.
The use of drones to assess the condition of the soil and localization, with the determination of mining points
The article noted that each funnel is de facto a concentrator of erosion. In a few years, if remedial measures are not carried out, i.e. removal of pollutants from the soil, there will be a "lunar landscape" in those places where active hostilities took place.
"Undoubtedly, the main thing is security, and in this sense, the issue of demining is key, although now it is possible only in the liberated territories. Already at least three companies producing drones are operating in Ukraine, and it would be important to understand whether such a tool is possible today, and how much the purchase of such drones is worth for farmers," said Malkov.
Introduce the provision of agrometeorological services with accuracy to a specific field
In the conditions of saving resources, it is important for farmers to know the exact weather and other meteorological data to ensure a high harvest.
This service can quickly pay for itself, given today's fuel prices. Agrarians will not drive equipment into the field for nothing, but will use time and resources as efficiently as possible.
Implementation of EU strategies and initiatives as soon as possible
UBTA has recommended to the country's government the support of From farm to fork strategies and the implementation of the Green Deal strategy.
The Fork to Fork strategy is aimed at accelerating the transition to a sustainable food system. It is the basis of the European Green Agreement and is aimed at a comprehensive solution to the problems of food systems, and its key idea is the inextricable connection between healthy people, a healthy society and a healthy planet.
"This became especially relevant after receiving the status of a candidate in the EU. Ukraine should harmonize its policies with those of the EU. Implementation of the Ukrainian Green Deal is a necessary condition for further European integration," Malkov emphasized.
It is also fundamentally important to support the Humanitarian Development Nexus. This is a concept of expanding cooperation between organizations working in the field of short-term humanitarian aid and long-term international development.
Earlier, EcoPolitic wrote, that the analysis of satellite images, alternative energy use and the implementation of other green technologies can help agriculture to achieve sustainability development.
As EcoPolitic previously reported, in Ukraine for farmers they simplified access to pesticides and fertilizers during the war.