Diesel and gasoline generators, which Ukrainians use en masse in the realities of war, create noise at the level of 88-95 dB, with normative indicators up to 55 dB during the day and 45 dB at night.
Also, during their work, toxic exhaust gases and soot enter the air, which negatively affects human health and the environment, reports the public organization "All-Ukrainian Environmental League" on Facebook.
The authors emphasized that during the operation of the diesel generator, such dangerous pollutants enter the atmospheric air as:
- carbon monoxide;
- substances in the form of suspended solid particles (soot);
- nitrogen dioxide;
- C12-C19 hydrocarbons;
- sulfur dioxide.
Noise pollution has a cumulative effect, because acoustic irritation accumulates in the body and over time suppresses the nervous system more and more. Noise activates the production of "stress hormones", including adrenaline, cortisol and norepinephrine.
Most often, under the influence of noise, concentration decreases, mental activity deteriorates, and insomnia develops. In addition, noise can cause a deterioration of the psychological state and the appearance of mental disorders, including depression and anxiety. And adaptation of the body to noise is practically impossible.
The material noted that the use of generators requires compliance with certain requirements, namely:
- before starting use, the owner or operator of the generator must obtain a permit for emissions of pollutants. Generator registration requires amendments to the existing air emissions permit;
- the diesel generator must be included in the Declaration of compliance of the material and technical base with the requirements of the legislation on labor protection;
- the generator, which is placed in the premises, must be included in the Declaration of compliance of the material and technical base of the economic entity with the requirements of the legislation on fire safety;
- if there is a separate fuel storage tank for the generator, it is necessary to identify the object of increased danger.
The authors also urged Ukrainians not to use generators in premises that are not equipped with exhaust gas removal and fire extinguishing systems and not to leave them unattended.
They also emphasized the need to place the generator at a distance of at least 10 meters from the building, use only certified equipment and conduct regular technical inspections.
Earlier, EcoPolitic wrote, that the massive use of power generators in Ukraine, due to systematic Russian attacks on the power system and blackouts, contributes air pollution and can negatively affect health people.
As EcoPolitic previously reported, Ukrainian entrepreneurs will have to to pay an environmental tax for the use of diesel generators, as a backup source of electricity during blackouts and blackouts.